Types of Menstrual Disorders:
•Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS)– Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) refers to physical and emotional symptoms that occur in the one to two weeks before a woman’s period. Symptoms often vary between women and resolve around the start of bleeding.
- Bloating (due to fluid retention),
- Weight gain,
- Breast tenderness,
- Sleep disturbances with sleeping too much or too little (insomnia), and.
- Appetite changes with over eating or food cravings.
•Amenorrhea–Amenorrhea, is the absence of menstruation — one or more missed menstrualperiods. Women who have missed at least three menstrual periods in a row haveamenorrhea, as do girls who haven’t begun menstruation by age 15. The mostcommon cause of amenorrhea is pregnancy.
- Hair loss,
- Vision changes,
- Excess facial hair,
- Pelvic pain,
•Dysmenorrhea- Dysmenorrheais the medical term for pain during/ with menstruation.
- Pain in the lowerabdomen that can spread to the lower back and legs,
- Pain that is grippingor experienced as a constant ache, or a combination of both,
- Pain starts when themesntruation starts, or earlier
- First 24 hours may bethe most painful
- Clots may be passed in the menstrual blood.
•Menorrhagia- Menorrhagiais the medical term for menstrual periods with abnormally heavy or prolongedbleeding. Although heavy menstrual bleeding is a common concern, most womendon’t experience blood loss severe enough to be defined as menorrhagia.
- Soaking through one ormore sanitary pads or tampons every hour for several consecutive hours,
- Needing to use doublesanitary protection to control your menstrual flow,
- Needing to wake up tochange sanitary protection during the night,
- Bleeding for longerthan a week,
- Passing blood clotslarger than a quarter,
- Restricting dailyactivities due to heavy menstrual flow,
- Symptoms of anemia,such as tiredness, fatigue or shortness of breath.
CAUSES OF MENSTRUAL DISORDERS:
- Perimenopause(generally in the late 40s and early 50s),
- Primary ovarianinsufficiency (POI),
- Eating disorders(anorexia nervosa or bulimia),
- Excessive exercise,
- Thyroid dysfunction(too much or too little thyroid hormone),
- Elevated levels of thehormone prolactin, which is made by the pituitary gland to help the bodyproduce milk,
- Uncontrolled diabetes,
- Cushing’s syndrome(elevated levels of the hormone cortisol, used in the body’s response to stress),
- Late-onset congenitaladrenal hyperplasia (problem with the adrenal gland),
- Hormonal birth control(birth control pills, injections, or implants),
- Hormone-containingintrauterine devices (IUDs),
- Scarring within theuterine cavity (Asherman’s syndrome),
- Medications, such asthose to treat epilepsy or mental health problems.
Lifestyle Changes forMENSTRUAL DISORDERS:
- Change your birth control method
- Increase or maintain healthful levels of dietary iron
- Think about taking iron supplements
- Balance the intensity of your workout routine (if needed)
- Stay at the right weight and level of body fat
- Get treatment for an eating disorder (if diagnosed)
- Lower your stress levels
- Lower your risk of osteoporosis
Yogic Management forMenstrual Disorders:
STANDING ASANAS :
SUPINE ASANAS :
SEATED ASANAS :
- Adho Mukha Svanasana
One must not practise yogasanas at thetime of the pain, yogasana do not help during the menstrual pains. During painand heavy bleeding one must take rest.Yogasanas and Pranayamas will definitely help for chronic cases, helping to getthe pain and other hormonal related issues to avoid future complications.